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100% Renewable Energy Studies

These studies are being shared for educational purposes and to represent the broad body of research and inquiry into 100% renewable energy targets. Unless the Renewables 100 Policy Institute appears as an author, inclusion of a study in this section does not imply that the Institute has endorsed it.

World


 "IRENA’s Global Renewable Energy Roadmap (REMAP 2030)"

[Link]


 "The Energy Report, 100% Renewable Energy by 2050"

Study for Whole World (World Wildlife Fund)

 

[Link]


Scenario Study for the World,  "Renewable Energy Outlook 2030"
 (Isusi, et al)

 

[Link - Download]

 

[Download Study]

 

[Link _Isusi]

 

 


A Plan to Power 100% of the Planet With Renewables
(Jacobson, DeLucchi, published in "Scientific American")

[Link]

Countries


  • Australia

  • Denmark

    • University of Limerick, Denmark, The potential for a 100% renewable energy system in Ireland. 

       

      Here you will find a list of studies that outline the potential for a 100% renewable energy system in different parts of the world.

       

      [Link]

  • Germany

    • Energy Target 2050: 100% Renewable Electricity Supply  - Germany 
      (German Federal Environment Agency)

       

      [Link 1]  

      [Link 2]


      100% Erneuerbare Energien fuer Strom und Waerme in Deutschland
      (Fraunhofer-Institut für Solare Energiesysteme ISE )

       

      [Download Study]  

       

  • Japan

  • Switzerland

  • Sweden

    •  

      ENERGY SCENARIO FOR SWEDEN 2050
      (WWF Sweden and IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute | 2011)

       

      Download Study (in english)

  • USA

    •  

      Renewable Electricity Futures Study
      (NREL)

       

      [Link - Website]

      Draft Report on “Near-Term Practical and Ultimate Technical Potential for Renewable Resources” (NREL)

       

      [Download PDF]

Regions


  • Europe

    • From Vision to Action: A Workshop Report on 100% RE in European Regions  (Authored by: Dr. Marcus Groth, Climate Solutions Center, Anna Leidreiter, World Future Council, Diane Moss, Renewables 100 Policy Institute)

      [Link | PDF]

      Europe's Share of the Climate Challenge 
      (Friends of the Earth Europe and the Stockholm Environment Institute)

      [Link | PDF]

      EU Energy [R]evolution - Towards a fully renewable energy supply in the EU27 (Greenpeace and EREC) 

      [Link] 


      EU Energy Roadmaps Compared (Greenpeace/EREC) 

      [Link | PDF]

  • Britain

  • Germany

  • India

    • The Energy Report Kerala/India  (2013)
      "100% Renewable Energy by 2050"

      (WWF India)

       

      [Link Download]

       

       

  • Spain

    • Study for Catalonia/Spain  (2007)
      "A Pathway to a 100% Renewable Energy System for Catalonia"

      (Eurosolar, WCRE- World Council for Renewable Energy, Isusi, Ecoserveis. Fundacio terra)

       

      [Link Download]

        

      [Link Isusi]

  • USA

    • "Bay Area Smart Energy 2020"/ California USA
      (Pacific Environment, March 2012)

       

      (Link Study)  

       

      [Download | PDF] 

      "San Diego - Smart Energy 2020"/ California USA
      (E-Tech International, October 2007)

       

      (Link Study)  

       

      [Download | PDF] 

      Cost-minimized combinations of wind power, solar power and electrochemical storage, powering the grid up to 99.9% of the time

      (University of Delaware and Delaware Technical Community College, Dec. 2012)

       

      (Link Study)
       

      (Link Web)

Cities and Counties


  • City of Sydney: Decentralised Energy Master Plan Renewable Energy 
    (2012 - 2030)

    [Link Download | PDF]

    100% Renewable Energy--and Beyond--For Cities  (World Future Council)

     

    [Link]

    Repowering Port Augusta in Australia (Beyond Zero Emissions)

     

    [Link]

Transportation


  • Heading for 100% Renewable Urban Transport

    (World Future Council)

     

    [Link - PDF]

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