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Country of Iceland

Photo credit: Andreas Tille

Photo credit: Dieter Schweizer (Obersulm, Germany)

Photo credit: Andreas Tille

Photo credit: Gretar Ivarsson

100% Renewable Energy Goal Achieved:

99% Renewable Electricity


Country of Iceland


The Country of Iceland has already achieved a 99% renewable electricity mix and 70% overall renewable energy portfolio from hydro and geothermal sources. The country aims to reduce local and global emissions from the transportation sector, which makes up nearly 20% of its greenhouse gas emissions, by implementing the following measures:

• It is necessary to continue to use economic incentives in order to encourage the
purchase of climate-friendly motor vehicles and the use of climate-friendly fuels.
Existing proposals for such incentive systems will be assessed, including those from the Forum for Environment-Friendly Fuel. The temporary discount on fees for
vehicles that use climate-friendly technology (such as hydrogen, methane, electricity, and hybrid technology) will be extended until a comprehensive fee system has been established.

• Government agencies will purchase climate-friendly vehicles for their operations
insofar as is possible.

• There will be increased emphasis on educating buyers about CO2 emissions from
motor vehicles and the effects of those emissions on climate.

• The government shall seek further ways to increase the possibilities for bicycling as a feasible transport option.

• The government shall promote public transport as a feasible option for most people.

Iceland intends to reduce emissions from the industrial sector, which creates about a quarter of the nation's greenhouse gas emissions, with these measures:

• Information showing, among other things, a comparison of greenhouse gas emissions from aluminium smelters in Iceland and elsewhere will be published regularly.

• Rules will be set concerning the assignment of emissions allocations to industrial
companies, and the companies will be required to obtain emission reduction units if
they exceed allocation limits.

• A study of emissions reduction potentials from industries other than aluminum
production shall be made.

Plans are also in place to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the fishing, agriculture, and waste sectors. 


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