Country of Scotland
Photo Credit: Pelamis Wave Power
100% Renewable Energy Goal:
Generate With Renewable Sources the Equivalent of 100% of National Electricity Demand
Country of Scotland, United Kingdom
Scotland is a country in the United Kingdom of 5.295 million inhabitants. The national Scottish government has set a target of having the equivalent of the entire country's electricity demand powered with renewables installed in Scotland by 2020. Wind is expected to be a primary resource, with others including hydro, biomass, solar, tidal and wave power.
This target was made as part of the Routemap for Renewable Energy in Scotland 2011, which was an update and extension to the Scottish Renewables Action Plan 2009. Other targets set in the Routemap for 2020 are:
- 11% of heat demand met by renewables
- At least 30% overall energy demand (i.e. electricity, heat, and transportation) met by from renewables, which represents twice the UK share of the European target
- 500 megawatts of community and locally-owned renewable energy
In 2011, renewables were generating the equivalent of 36.2% of Scotland's total power demand, which surpassed the official government target for that year of 31%.
Between 2007 and 2013, renewable electricity capacity increased steadily at an average of 650 megawatts (MW) of new installed capacity a year.
By the end of 2013, renewable electricity installed capacity reached 6,592 MW, and generation was equivalent to 44.4% of total consumption. Also that year,
renewable electricity generation displaced nearly 12 tonnes of CO2, equal to around 22.5% of Scotland’s CO2 emissions in 2012, the most recent year for which carbon emission statistics are available. 1.116 billion British Pounds (1.704 billion USD) were invested in renewable energy in Scotland, and the renewable energy sector accounted for 11,695 jobs. Renewable heat supplied more than 3% of non-electricity demand.
By 3rd quarter of 2014, a total of 7,112 MW of total renewable power capacity had been installed. The majority was onshore wind power (4,921 MW). Hydropower also made up a large share (1,516 MW). Additional sources of 100- 200 MW installed capacity were offshore wind, solar photovoltaics, plant biomass, and landfill gas. Small amounts of anaerobic digestion, animal biomass, marine energy, waste energy, and sewage sludge digestion were also parts of the mix.
According to Weather , as reported by WWF Scotland, other 2014 renewable energy statistics in Scotland included:
- Wind turbines generated enough electricity to supply the demand of 98% of Scottish households, or 2.36 million homes.
- Wind turbines generated enough power to supply the demand of over 100% of Scottish households during six out of the 12 months – January, February, March, October, November, and December.
- There was enough sunshine in June and July in each of the cities of Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow an Inverness to generate at least 100% of the electricity of an average home with solar PV panels installed. Those homes could get 60% or more of their power supply met with solar during March, April, May, August, and September.
- There was enough sunshine in July in those same cities to supply all the hot water needs of an average home with solar hot water systems installed - and 70% of the hot water needs in April, May, June, and August.
Also in 2014, community and locally owned renewable power rose by 27% to reach 360 MW of installed capacity, putting the country on track to reach its 500 MW target. One example is the community owned Point and Sandwick Wind Farm on the Isle of Lewis that, which is reportedly the biggest of its kind in the UK. Scheduled to be in operation in 2015, the project has been developed by the Stewart family, who offered the community a 25 percent stake.