Ringkøbing-Skjern - All Renewable Energy Municipality by 2020
The Three Windmills in Hvide Sande standing right by the North Sea. These three giants are the result of a local initiative which has placed Hvide Sande on the world map. Photo credit: hvidesande.com
Port of Hvide Sande with the three windmills, Photo credit: Poert of Hvide Sande
Solar hotwater, Ringkøbing-Skjern. Photo credit: Ringkøbing-Skjern Kommune
100% Renewable Energy Goal:
To Achieve Energy Self-Sufficiency With Renewables by 2020
Ringkøbing-Skjern is a municipality established in Denmark in 2007 with a population of approximately 50,000. At 1,494,56 km², it has the largest land area of any Danish municipality. When the municipality was established, it generated 20% of its energy from renewable sources. By 2020, Ringkøbing-Skjern aims to produce within its boundaries enough renewable energy to cover all consumption by its citizens and businesses. The plan, called Energy 2020, is to have local people, businesses, institutions and non-profits carry out the projects, from testing to development to implementation, in order to stimulate "green" economic growth within the municipality.
Energy 2020 includes a top down and bottom up leadership structure. On the top down level, Ringkøbing-Skjern's 100 percent renewable energy plan is to be lead by the Energy Board, which is made up of local business and organisation representatives, along with municipal officials and staff. The role of the Board is to advice the local governing Council, which appointed a Secretariat to coordinate the effort. Coordinating the work is a body of local staff established by the Council called the Secretariat, which serves the Energy Boards, is a point of contact, and provides information, marketing and an energy action plan.
On the community bottom up level, the plan will be driven by projects of all sizes, to be implemented by local citizens, businesses and non-profit organizations. The vision is that they will be motivated to engage by the resulting energy savings, environmental benefits, and economic opportunities. The drivers are the big and small projects put into action by citizens, businesses and
Types of renewable energy in the plan include the following:
Bio energy: 15-25%
Ringkøbing-Skjern will take advantage of its large land area and the energy that can be made from farm animal waste and plants.
New wind mills: 25-30%
Wind turbines are expected to generate twice as much power as the whole municipality consumes.
Whereas existing buildings consumed 40% of energy in the municipality at the start of the project, by cutting their consumption in half, they will account for 20% of the energy in the overall 100% renewable goal. New buildings will contribute to the goal by being "plus energy," that is, able to generate more energy than the use.
The Council operates hydrogen vehicles and hydrogen service stations, and public and individual transport are to be run on biofuel and electricity. Goods movement may partly be diverted to marine shipping. How the marine shipping would be fueled is not specified.
Other energy sources: 10-25%
Other technologies being used include thermal heat, fjord heat, solar power, solar cells, and wave energy.
Recognized through the European Solar Prize 2013 in the category "Towns/municipalities, council districts and public utilities": Hvide Sande, Jütland, Denmark. A wind energy project could be set up through an exemplary not-for-profit funding model at Hvide Sande’s harbour. The town thus demonstrates that active and material involvement of the residents is crucial to the acceptance of concrete projects. [Read more - watch video]